Turcopole | Military Wiki | Fandom

During the period of the Crusades, turcopoles (also "turcoples", "turcopoli" or "turcopoliers"; from the Greek: τουρκόπουλοι, "sons of Turks") were locally recruited mounted archers employed by the Christian states of the Eastern Mediterranean. The crusaders first encountered turcopoles in the Byzantine army during the First Crusade. These auxiliaries were the children of mixed ...

Crusading Knights - A Reference by David Powell - Figure ...

The Teutonic Order was formed in the aftermath of the 3rd Crusade (1189-1192). The Third Crusade was a bit of a disaster for the German forces. Their emperor, Frederick I, died on his way to the Holy Land (drowning while crossing a river) and only a small portion of the Imperial army arrived at Acre to participate in the siege.

London Centre for the Study of the Crusades, the Military ...

(Adapted from Helen Nicholson, 'The Military Orders', in The Encyclopedia of the Crusades, ed. Alan V. Murray, 4 vols (Santa Barbara, Calif.: ABC-CLIO, 2006; ISBN 1-57607-862-0; ebk ISBN 1-57607-863-9), vol. 3, pp. 825–30.) The Military Orders are religious orders that were first established in the first quarter of the twelfth century in the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem.

The Military Orders of the Crusades | Sky HISTORY TV Channel

As part of its military and monastic goals, the Teutonic Order had a papal licence to wage perpetual war against the pagans and used this licence to launch annual crusades against Lithuania. These expeditions were very popular with the nobility of Northern Europe allowing knights who enjoyed fighting to lay waste large parts of Lithuania in the ...

Order of Teutonic Knights | Weapons and Warfare

All were required to be of German birth and noble blood. Some of their hospitals admitted nursing women. On their shields and chests the Teutonic Knights bore the Crusader symbol of the order: the black and silver ''Iron Cross'' that ordained, in both senses, German warriors and military equipment into the 21st century.

Crusades - encyclopedia article - Citizendium

The Crusades (1095–1291) were the military responses made by Christians from western Europe to the Pope's pleas to free the Holy Land from Islam. The First Crusade was a success, creating new Latin states in the Holy Land. Subsequent crusades were less successful except when they attacked the Byzantine Empire.Other medieval movements against heretics and infidels were also called crusades ...

THE TEUTONIC ORDER'S MERCENARIES | Weapons and Warfare

During the Baltic crusades against the heathen Prussians and Lithuanians, the Prussian branch of the Teutonic Order was not dependent on mercenaries, because this was a religious war supported not only by the Church, but also by the warlike European aristocracy including kings and emperors. The famous Reisen, the military expeditions to Prussia and from…

History of the Crusades | The Knights Templar

New military tactics and equipment, as well as chivalric traditions involving heraldry and tournaments, were introduced from the East. Western writers adapted many Oriental stories, and quantities of history, fiction, and combinations of the two gave the Crusades a permanent place in European literature.

The Mysterious World and History of the Knights Templar ...

The occasional disputes among the Knights Templar, the Knights Hospitaller and the Teutonic Knights, and decades of internal feuds weakened the political and military positions of the Christians. With the failure of the Crusades and the subsequent closures of the passage to the Holy Land, the Templar order soon lost its founding purpose ...

Did Poland ever join the Crusades in the Medieval Ages? If ...

Answer (1 of 2): As a kingdom, Poland had very little involvement in the Crusades in the Middle East, but that does not count out the participation by individual knights. Most participants were from the Kingdom of France and the Holy Roman Empire. In the century before the 1st Crusade, Poland fou...

Armies of the Crusader States - Helena P. Schrader

Jonathan Riley-Smith in his Atlas of the Crusades, for example, lists the baronies of Sidon, Galilee, and Jaffa/Ascalon as owing 100 knights each, while according to the incomplete records of John d'Ibelin, the Bishops of Nazareth and Lydda owed 6 and 10 knights respectively. (John d'Ibelin, Count of Jaffa and Ascalon, was writing in the ...

Crusading with the Knights of Prussia – An Aristocratic ...

In the last of her blog posts on court cultures and the crusades, Laura Slater looks at the phenomenon of the "Reisen" (journeys) - seasonal campaigns conducted by the Teutonic Knights of Prussia, which functioned as something of a 'crusading package tour'.

Most 'elite' Knightly order of the Crusades? | History Forum

Templars were purely knights I believe. They were a select military order and bankers all wealthy nobles. The Teutonic Knights(better to say Teutonic Order because they were not all Knights) were a corps of different peoples of different classes, they had foot soldiers, Warrior Monks and workers along with native troops.

Cross and Crescent: The Crusades: Order of Teutonic Knights.

On their shields and chests the Teutonic Knights bore the Crusader symbol of the order: the black and silver ''Iron Cross'' that ordained, in both senses, German warriors and military equipment into the 21st century. Their fighting doctrine was, ''Who fights the Order, fights Jesus Christ!''.

Order of Teutonic Knights | Weapons and Warfare

All were required to be of German birth and noble blood. Some of their hospitals admitted nursing women. On their shields and chests the Teutonic Knights bore the Crusader symbol of the order: the black and silver ''Iron Cross'' that ordained, in both senses, German warriors and military equipment …

Northern Crusades - Wikipedia

Konrad's military weakness led him in 1226 to ask the Roman Catholic monastic order of the Teutonic Knights to come to Prussia and suppress the Old Prussians. Teutonic Order. The Northern Crusades provided a rationale for the growth and expansion of the Teutonic Order of German crusading knights which had been founded in Palestine at the end of ...

Christian vs. Muslim Crusade Perspectives

Teutonic knights. The Teutonic knights was confirmed by a German Crusader Leader on November 9th, 1190. Just like the other two groups of knights the Teutonic knights had also developed as a Religious Military institution comparable to the Hospitallers and Templars. These knights were divided into two groups; they were the knights and priests.

George W. Bush and the Crusades - In Defence of Marxism

George W. Bush and the Crusades. On the eve of the war in Iraq, George W. Bush talked about a "crusade". He was obviously quite pleased with himself for having thought of such a catchy phrase. But he was quickly silenced by his advisers, who pointed out to him that the word "crusade" has very unfortunate associations for the Moslem world.

Objectives and role of the Crusades | Britannica

Crusades, Military expeditions, beginning in the late 11th century, that were organized by Western Christians in response to centuries of Muslim wars of expansion.. The objectives of the Crusades were to check the spread of Islam, to retake control of the Holy Land, to conquer pagan areas, and to recapture formerly Christian territories.The Crusades were seen by many of their participants …

Teutonic Knights | Article about Teutonic Knights by The ...

Teutonic Knights or Teutonic Order (to͞otŏn`ĭk), German military religious order founded (1190–91) during the siege of Acre in the Third Crusade.It was originally known as the Order of the Knights of the Hospital of St. Mary of the Teutons in Jerusalem.

Helen Nicholson's publications

The Crusades Part of The Greenwood Guides to Historic Events of the Medieval World. Contents. ... Military Equipment The Practice of Land Warfare Naval Warfare Conclusion Notes, Further Reading and Index ... Hospitallers and Teutonic Knights: images of the military orders, 1128–1291. Contents.

14 Facts about the Teutonic Knights, Crusading Lords of ...

The man who took the Teutonic Knights from being a respected fighting force to one of the most powerful bodies in Eastern Europe was Hermann von Salza. Elected Master of the Order in 1210, he gained the favor of the Holy Roman Emperor. Von Salza successfully led the Teutonic Knights on crusades in Egypt and the Middle East.

The Teutonic Knights, Crusading Lords of Eastern Europe

The man who took the Teutonic Knights from being a respected fighting force to one of the most powerful bodies in Eastern Europe was Hermann von Salza. Elected Master of the Order in 1210, he gained the favor of the Holy Roman Emperor. Von Salza successfully led the Teutonic Knights on crusades in Egypt and the Middle East.

A History of the Medieval Knights Templar – Brewminate: We ...

Also operating in the Baltic crusades against pagans, by the 13th century CE the Knights Templar owned estates from England to Bohemia and had become a truly international military order with tremendous resources at its disposal (men, arms, equipment, and a sizeable naval fleet).

(PDF) The teutonic knights and their attitude about ...

Teutonic Military Order in 1198. 6. ... and equipment. Their experience proved useful to the Crusaders in military ... had on events, even in the post-Crusade era, left its mark. The Teutonic Order.

Teutonic Knights: 10 Things You Should Know - Realm of History

While the Third Crusade was supposed to be the glorious military feat to reconquer the Holy Land from Saladin, the campaign though partly successful ended in a disaster for the Imperial forces of the Holy Roman Empire. This was because of the untimely death of Emperor Frederick Barbarossa before his massive army (comprising 3,000 knights and ...

The Teutonic Order's influence during the Crusades ...

The Teutonic Order's influence during the Crusades. During the siege of Acre by Christian forces against the forces of Saladin in 1190 during the Third Crusade, a small tent was constructed under a ship's sail as a hospital to care for the Christian forces. This humble structure was the beginning of a military order that would influence the ...

History of the Crusades. Episode 256. The Livonian Crusade ...

History of the Crusades. Episode 256. The Livonian Crusade Part 39. The Merchants of Riga. Hello again. Last week we brought one of our crusades to an end, as we saw the Master of the Teutonic Order in Prussia, Master Heinrich, acquire Polish Pomerelia. That action

The Crusades | Boundless World History

Generally, the Crusades refer to the campaigns in the Holy Land sponsored by the papacy against Muslim forces. There were other crusades against Islamic forces in southern Spain, southern Italy, and Sicily, as well as campaigns of Teutonic knights against pagan strongholds in Eastern Europe. A few crusades, such as the Fourth Crusade, were ...

(PDF) Fact or Fiction; the horned "Teutonic" Helmet ...

He has conducted in depth studies regarding the Halbbrüdern of the Teutonic Order, the military equipment of the Order in Prussia 1250-1300, and the economic and cultural aspects of the Order in Prussia from 1250-1300). His tireless support helped bring life …

Battle of Zalgiris - First Battle of Ta - Teutonic Order

In 1230 the Teutonic Knights, a crusading military order, moved to Chełmno Land and launched the Prussian Crusade against the pagan Prussian clans.With support from the pope and Holy Roman Emperor, the Teutons conquered and converted the Prussians by the 1280s and shifted their attention to the pagan Grand Duchy of Lithuania.